4. Scientific Research Project - Measurement of Footprint of Selected Buildings of Boğaziçi University
The carbon footprint studies were firstly started in 2001, in the title of “Measurement of Carbon Footprint in the Chosen Buildings of Boğaziçi University”. These studies were supported by Boğaziçi University Scientific Research Projects. In this study, it is aimed to set up a substructure to take out carbon emission inventory from the chosen buildings in the South Campus.
This project was carried out by using an extensive methodology in which direct and indirect emissions were considered. In this project, total carbon emission inventory was created by receiving consultancy by ERASCUS, which is an enterprise of TSKB (Türk Sınai Kalkınma Bankası). The total carbon release of the buildings were evaluated in consideration of the standards of WBSCSD/WRI Greenhouse Gas Protocol ve IPCC 4th Evaluation Report, ISO 14064 ve BSI PAS 2050. In its calculation, electricity, natural gas, water and paper consumption and fuel consumption due to the university members’ transportation were considered. Carbon releases are reported by dividing into the groups of Kapsam (which means extent) 1, 2 and 3. Kapsam 1 includes: fossil fuel consumption (natural gas), fuel consumptions of private vehicles which belong to the buildings aforesaid (gasoline, diesel, LPG) and fuel consumption of the shuttles (gasoline, diesel, LPG). Kapsam 2 includes the purchased electricity data in three buildings. Kapsam 3 includes the fuel consumptions of the vehicles which do not belong to the Boğaziçi University, paper consumptions in these buildings, travels performed not by the private vehicles due to the university activities (plane, bus or etc.). All of these have been included in the carbon footprint inventory and the carbon footprint have been found equivalent to 410 MT CO2.
In the light of this study, it is planned to count the other campuses in the study in future years. In this context, it has begun to be followed that water, energy and carbon footprints, waste values of the selected 8 buildings in the South Campus (1st Men’s Dormitory, 1st Women’s Dormitory, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Rectorate, Natuk Birkan Building, Administrative Sciences Building, Albert Long Hall and ÖFB), by the SoFi Software. SoFi is the administration and reporting platform of environmental, social and economic sustainability. It provides that related environmental data’s systematic collection, evaluation, modelling and reporting. For this purpose, water and electricity meters have been placed in these 8 buildings in the South Campus and measurements are taken on a monthly basis. It enables to follow the buildings’ environmental performances, to calculate of the total effect and also to determine the focuses that necessitate improvement in the campus, and to do the necessary developments. At the same time, the results are integrated to the software. They can be measured and reported in a meaningful way, based on internationally accepted methods suchs as PAS 2050, GRI, GHG Protocol.